Normal is considered to be from 22 to 26 mmol l. This measures the pressure of co2 dissolved in the blood and how well carbon dioxide has the ability to move out of the body.
The normal values of abg differ in people living at different height from sea level.
Abg test normal values. The normal range for p a co 2 is 35 to 45 mmhg. The aforementioned components all have different normal values and represent different aspects of the blood gas. Some abg results also show hemoglobin and serum electrolyte values.
Partial pressure of carbon dioxide paco2. Arterial blood gas abg test measures the acidity ph and levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood. According to the national institute of health typical normal values are.
Partial pressure of oxygen pao2. Normal values for blood gas analysis abg test price for blood gas analysis abg test average price range of the test is between rs 800 to rs 1200 depending on the factors of city quality and availablity. This is particularly important if your patient is known to have chronic respiratory disease with existing chronic abg changes.
The ph of blood is usually between 7 35 and 7 45. The normal range for ph is 7 35 7 45. Finally bicarbonate ions or hco 3 will tell you if the problem is related to metabolic changes in your patient and refers to the renal system berman et al.
In the context of arterial blood gases the most common occurrence will be that of respiratory acidosis. Normal values for arterial blood gas abg normal values are given below. So normal values of abg in new york might differ from normal abg values in washington dc.
The ph measures hydrogen ions h in blood. Arterial blood gas test normal values shows values for ph oxygen carbon dioxide bicarbonates lactic acid levels and oxygen saturation. 75 to 100 mmhg.
As the ph decreases 7 35 it implies acidosis while if the ph increases 7 45 it implies alkalosis. A ph of less than 7 0 is called acid and a ph higher than 7 0 is called basic alkaline. Arterial blood gas is usually advised to patients suffering from respiratory illnesses or under critical care.
Note that these may vary slightly between analysers. Be sure to know the normal ranges and units for the analyser you will be using.