35 45 mmhg. Finally bicarbonate ions or hco3 will tell you if the problem is related to metabolic changes in your patient and refers to the renal system berman et al.
35 uncompensated metabolic alkalosis ph.
Abg values nursing. Here s one way to practice analyzing acid base values more on that later. 33 uncompensated metabolic alkalosis. 35 45 co2 lab value always indicates a respiratory issue.
Depending on the hospital s policy abgs can be taken either by doctors or nurse. For ph the normal range is 7 35 to 7 45 for paco 2 the normal range is 35 to 45 mmhg respiratory determinant for pao 2 the normal range is 75 to 100 mmhg. This should be super easy since you already wrote the reference values for ph at the top of your scratch paper.
Base excess or deficit electrolytes in some facilities or units k potassium. The normal range for paco2is 35 to 45 mmhg. The normal abg values are the following.
Now we are finally ready to assess the patient s abg values. Normal is considered to be from 22 to 26 mmol l. Here is a simple overview covering normal abgs acid base alterations compensatory mechanisms client complications and symptoms simple nursing interventions examples from experience and tips for novices.
Be sure to play tic tac toe. Most commonly unless the patient has an arterial line the abg is taken from the wrist groin or forearm. 34 fully compensated metabolic alkalosis ph.
Measurement of the level of acidity or alkalinity. Here s where the decision making really begins. 27 partially compensated respiratory acidosis ph.
Taking an abg is pretty simple the only challenge is finding the artery. How to interpret an abg. Abg lab value assessment.
If a patient s ph 7 45 the patient is in alkalosis. Nursing points for abg lab values. Here they are and their normal numeric values commit them to memory.
When you are analyzing abg results there are three things to look for when trying to find out if your patient is in respiratory or metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. Hco 3 pao 2. What results does an abg give.
The first value a nurse should look at is the ph to determine if the patient is in the normal range above or below. If the ph 7 35 then the patient is acidosis remember the lower the ph number the higher the acid level in the body. How is an abg collected.
Start by looking at the ph and decide if the value is normal 7 35 7 45 high 7 45 or low 7 35.