Abnormal Abg Examples

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The following are examples of clinical situations and the abgs that may result as well as causes and solutions for abg abnormalities. In acidosis the body converts carbon dioxide to bicarbonate to shift the ph back toward normal by making the blood more alkalotic.

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Today his blood pressure is 90 48 and pulse rate 104.

Abnormal abg examples. A bicarbonate level above 26 is considered abnormally high and a level below 22 is considered abnormally low. A 21 year old man is brought in by his father with a one week history of vomiting. Worked example 1 vignette.

He has not been able to keep any food down. You are called to see a 54 year old lady on the ward. Arterial blood gases abgs are an important routine investigation to monitor the acid base balance of patients they may help make a diagnosis indicate the severity of a condition and help to assess treatment.

Abgs should be thought of as a snapshot of how the body is interacting with its environment at a particular time. Puffer is a 35 year old single mother just getting off the night shift. They should always be interpreted as part of a wider assessment of a patient s respiratory function and in line with your organisation s policies.

A 17 year old patient presents to a e complaining of a tight feeling in their chest shortness of breath and some tingling in their fingers and around their mouth. This abg is an example of a partially compensated respiratory acidosis. Abg examples abg exam questions for medical students osces and mrcp paces below are some brief clinical scenarios with abg results.

She reports to the ed in the early morning with shortness of breath. These are his venous blood gas results. They have no significant past medical history and are not on any regular medication.

Normal bicarbonate level is 22 to 26 meq milliequivalents per liter of blood. Try to interpret each abg and formulate a differential diagnosis before looking at the answer. An abg is performed on the patient who is not currently receiving any oxygen therapy.

He has been diagnosed with hashimoto s thyroiditis by his local doctor 4 months previously.

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